The protracted state of emergency in Turkey has caused serious human rights abuses against “hundreds of thousands of people,” including killings, torture and arbitrary detention, the U.N. warned in a report on Tuesday.
A state of emergency imposed in Turkey following the attempted overthrow of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan in July 2016, and repeatedly extended since then, has had dramatic consequences, the U.N. rights office said.
The report, which covers all of 2017, cautioned that the extraordinary powers handed to the authorities following the failed coup attempt had caused “a continued erosion of the rule of law and deterioration of the human rights situation.”
“Routine extensions of the state of emergency in Turkey have led to profound human rights violations against hundreds of thousands of people,” it said, warning that the use of emergency powers appeared to be meant “to stifle any form of criticism or dissent vis-a-vis the government.”
U.N. rights chief Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein described the findings as “alarming” and “outrageous.”
“The numbers are just staggering: nearly 160,000 people arrested during an 18-month state of emergency,” he said in a statement.
In addition, he pointed to the “152,000 civil servants dismissed, many totally arbitrarily, teachers, judges and lawyers dismissed or prosecuted, journalists arrested, media outlets shut down and websites blocked.”
“Clearly the successive states of emergency declared in Turkey have been used to severely and arbitrarily curtail the human rights of a very large number of people,” he said.
#Turkey’s state of emergency has deteriorated the human rights situation & eroded the rule of law. In 24 decrees issued since late 2017, many regulate matters that are unrelated to the state of emergency & limit legitimate activities by civil society. https://t.co/u7zqvwy03J
— UN Human Rights (@UNHumanRights) March 20, 2018
Electric Shocks, Waterboarding
The report also found that some 300 journalists had been arrested on grounds that their publications contained “apologist sentiments regarding terrorism” or similar offences.
At the same time, it said 100,000 websites were reportedly blocked in Turkey last year, including many pro-Kurdish websites and satellite television channels.
The report also documented the use of torture and other ill-treatment in custody, listing severe beatings, threats of sexual assault and actual sexual assault, electric shocks and waterboarding.
“One of the most alarming findings of the report,” Mr. Zeid said, “is how Turkish authorities reportedly detained some 100 women who were pregnant or had just given birth, mostly on the grounds that they were ‘associates’ of their husbands, who are suspected of being connected to terrorist organisations.”
“Some were detained with their children and others violently separated from them. This is simply outrageous, utterly cruel and surely cannot have anything whatsoever to do with making the country safer,” he said.
The report cited the April 2017 referendum that extended Erdogan’s executive powers as “seriously problematic”, pointing out that this had led to an interference with the work of the judiciary and curtailment of parliamentary oversight over the executive branch.
The rights office also pointed out that 22 emergency decrees were promulgated by the end of 2017, with two more since then, often “regulating matters unrelated to the state of emergency and used to limit various legitimate activities by civil society actors.”
This, the report cautioned, fosters “impunity”, by handing immunity to authorities acting within the framework of the decrees.
The report urged Turkey to “promptly end the state of emergency and restore the normal functioning of institutions and the rule of law.”