Tens of thousands face starvation in South Sudan, aid agencies warned Friday, as fighting continues despite a peace deal signed six months ago meant to end civil war. Nearly seven million people or two-thirds of the country face extreme hunger, the government and U.N. agencies said.
“The food security situation continues to deteriorate,” said Isaiah Chol Aruai, chairman of the National Bureau of Statistics, as he released the latest round of mind-boggling food assessments.
Nearly a fifth more people now need food aid to survive than when a man-made famine was declared in 2017, and the risk of another famine is a “real risk,” the U.N. said.
Aruai, speaking to reporters in Juba alongside the heads of the U.N.’s World Food Programme (WFP) and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), pleaded for more aid to avert further catastrophe.
“The projections are alarming,” said FAO boss Pierre Vauthier. “Food security continues to worsen.”
The food security situation in #SouthSudan is dire — 60% face hunger. These are the numbers:
🔹6.87 million need of food assistance
🔹1.76 million displaced within the country
🔹2.47 million refugees in neighbouring countries
🔹WFP aims to assist 5.4 million people in 2019 pic.twitter.com/daDIyaEzvd
— World Food Programme (@WFP) February 22, 2019
Why This Matters
When famine was declared in 2017, 4.9 million people or 40 percent of the country needed food aid. Now over 6.1 million people, or just over half the population, are assessed to be in “acute food insecurity.”
Without action, those figures will worsen to over 6.8 million people, or some two-thirds of the country.
U.N.-backed assessments rank hunger levels according to the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) system, which ranks hunger levels from one to five. Level five is classified as “catastrophe,” and when stretched to 20 percent of the population, becomes famine.
Today, some 30,000 are judged to be in level five in the eastern Jonglei and central Lakes regions. Those starvation numbers will rise to 50,000 without aid.
“Most in need of assistance are malnourished women and children,” WFP boss Simon Cammelbeeck said.
The war began in December 2013 when President Salva Kiir accused his former deputy Riek Machar of plotting a coup.
A brutal conflict flared up, often fought along tribal lines and characterized by massacres of civilians, rape and looting. Nearly 400,000 people died and millions were forced to flee their homes or to the brink of starvation.
South Sudan: With more than half the population facing severe food insecurity, @WFP is going to great lengths to provide life-saving support to millions. https://t.co/2TSju4QJ1b #ZeroHungerpic.twitter.com/qFNxjtvp4C
— United Nations (@UN) February 22, 2019
More on the Subject
Amid the conflict, South Sudan suffers from endemic sexual violence. Between September and December 2018, at least 134 women and girls, some as young as eight, were raped in the country’s northern Unity region, and 41 have suffered other forms of sexual and physical violence. However, the actual number of cases is likely to be much higher.
According to the U.N., multiple factors had contributed to the upsurge in sexual violence: a large number of fighters has been on “standby” mode awaiting implementation of the peace deal. At the same time, the presence of many armed youth militias and a lack of accountability for past sexual violence have exacerbated the situation.