Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu issued a deeply controversial pledge on Tuesday to annex the Jordan Valley in the occupied West Bank if re-elected in September 17 polls.
“There is one place where we can apply Israeli sovereignty immediately after the elections,” Netanyahu said in a televised speech.
“If I receive from you, citizens of Israel, a clear mandate to do so … today I announce my intention to apply with the formation of the next government Israeli sovereignty over the Jordan Valley and northern Dead Sea.”
The prime minister also reiterated his intention to annex Israeli settlements throughout the West Bank if re-elected, though in coordination with U.S. President Donald Trump, whose long-awaited the Middle East “peace plan” is expected to be unveiled sometime after the vote.
Those moves could effectively kill any remaining hopes for a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, long the focus of international diplomacy.
Senior Palestinian official Hanan Ashrawi said Netanyahu was “not only destroying the two-state solution, he is destroying all chances of peace.”
“This is a total game changer,” she told AFP.
The Jordan Valley accounts for around one-third of the West Bank and Israeli right-wing politicians have long viewed the strategic area as a part of the territory they would never retreat from.
Israeli settlements are located in what is known as Area C of the West Bank, which accounts for some 60 percent of the territory, including the vast majority of the Jordan Valley.
Here's the map of the territory of the Jordan Valley, in the West Bank, that Netanyahu vowed to annex if he wins next week's election (blue: will be annexed to Israel; orange: will remain under Palestinian control) pic.twitter.com/xMcsPeDLpt
— Raphael Ahren (@RaphaelAhren) September 10, 2019
Netanyahu said his annexation plans would not include Palestinian cities, such as the Jordan Valley’s Jericho, effectively surrounding them and cutting them off fron the rest of the territory.
Defying International Law
Israel occupied the West Bank in the 1967 Six-Day War in a move never recognized by the international community.
Its settlements there are considered illegal under international law and major stumbling blocks to peace as they are built on land the Palestinian see as part of their future state.
The Palestinian residents of the West Bank, as well as the occupied territories of Gaza and East Jerusalem, are not citizens of Israel and are unable to vote in Israeli elections.
With the support of Trump, Israel annexed the Syrian Golan Heights in March. The move was in violation of numerous U.N. Security Council Resolutions, which the United States was a party to.
The move came about a year after the Trump administration recognized the disputed city of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, also in violation of international law.
Netanyahu, who used a map of the Jordan Valley to illustrate his plans, said Trump’s peace parameters “will place before us a great challenge and also a great opportunity.”
“This is a historic, one-time opportunity to apply Israeli sovereignty on our settlements … and other places of importance to our security, our heritage and our future.”
Trump has thrown U.S. support overwhelmingly in favor of Israel since taking office, including by recognizing Jerusalem as Israel’s capital and cutting hundreds of millions of dollars in aid to the Palestinians.
Ahead of April elections, Trump recognized Israeli sovereignty over the occupied Golan Heights, seized from Syria in the 1967 Six-Day War.
It is unclear if Trump, who made clear before April’s vote that he would like to see Netanyahu win, will follow up with any further expressions of support before next week’s election.
Netanyahu along with his right-wing and religious allies won a majority of seats in April polls, but he failed to form a coalition and opted for an unprecedented second election in five months.
He is again facing a difficult challenge from ex-military chief Benny Gantz and his centrist Blue and White alliance.
Far-right nationalist votes will be key to Netanyahu’s efforts to continue his reign as Israel’s longest-serving prime minister.
He is also facing a potential indictment for corruption pending a hearing scheduled for early October.
Israel says the Jordan Valley is vital to its security.