Millions of anxious Americans troop to polling stations Tuesday in three states, but not Ohio, as the coronavirus pandemic roils the nation’s Democratic primaries featuring frontrunner Joe Biden and his rival Bernie Sanders.
Campaigning has shifted from rallies to online events, candidate debates are audience-free, and multiple states have postponed their primaries as the virus, which has killed more than 80 people nationwide, prompts unprecedented alterations to the political landscape in an election year.
Ohio became the latest and largest state to upend the voting schedule when officials ordered polling stations closed.
Governor Mike DeWine, a Republican, defied a court ruling and declared a health emergency late Monday – hours before residents of the industrial Midwestern battleground were to begin casting ballots.
Democrats are in the midst of choosing a nominee who will challenge Republican President Donald Trump in November’s election, but doubts and concerns have undercut the process.
Election Day so far: 5/8 election staff are elderly, we were provided with no cleaning supplies, we are missing an ENTIRE blue box (meaning anyone who comes to this precinct cannot vote), we are missing 2 election judges & nobody is answering our calls. pic.twitter.com/aPfmZ5McCt
— rebecca ???????? (@rebeccapearl21) March 17, 2020
As Arizona, Florida, and Illinois prepare to vote Tuesday, there is confusion over whether polling stations will be safe, given the pandemic.
Voters are also conflicted about venturing out to cast ballots after Trump urged Americans to restrict gatherings to groups of fewer than 10.
“If you are an older person, stay home and away from other people,” the White House said in guidelines issued Monday.
“If you are a person with a serious underlying health condition that can put you at increased risk (for example, a condition that impairs your lung or heart function or weakens your immune system), stay home and away from other people.”
Holding an election under these circumstances, critics argue, either puts high-risk individuals in a dangerous position or disenfranchises them.
‘Democracy Must Go On’
Despite DeWine’s move to shutter polling stations in Ohio, he appeared to be a lone official voice calling for delay, and failed to win support from Trump, who said it was “up to the states” to make the call.
Ultimately, the president said, “I think postponing is unnecessary.”
But the vote could be undermined in part by a scare factor for the elderly, who are at highest risk of contracting COVID-19.
Officials in Florida, with the most delegates in play Tuesday, said the state is pulling out all the stops to keep the process safe.
"It is clear that tomorrow's in person voting…cannot conform w/ CDC guidelines. We cannot conduct this election tomorrow." ~ Ohio governor Mike Dewine
— Kai Newkirk #NotMeUs (@kai_newkirk) March 16, 2020
In Arizona, Governor Doug Ducey said state and Democratic Party officials agreed that the primary should go on.
“We have no guarantee that there will be a time in the future when it will be safer than tomorrow,” Ducey said Monday.
“Democracy must go on.”
Biden, 77, tops polling by significant margins in Arizona, Illinois and especially Florida, where the former vice-president could strike a hammer blow against his rival by building an insurmountable lead in the delegate count.
Tuesday may be a make-or-break moment for the leftist Sanders, who will face mounting pressure to quit if he does not score a major upset.
Meanwhile, Americans are staying home from work or school by the millions as the country implements emergency measures against a worsening crisis.
Kentucky on Monday announced a delay in its primary from May until June, while Georgia, which was next in line to vote on March 24, is delaying until May.
Louisiana had earlier postponed its April election to June 20.
Biden and Sanders say they will campaign exclusively online for now – a scenario unheard of at the height of a U.S. presidential primary battle.
Both are taking precautions during the outbreak: they are washing hands frequently, staff is working from home, and live campaign events have been scrapped.
Sanders hosted a “digital rally” Monday night featuring high-profile supporter and veteran rocker Neil Young.
The inability to campaign in person imposes a particular handicap on Sanders, who has consistently mobilized large and enthusiastic crowds at his events.
— People for Bernie (@People4Bernie) March 17, 2020
Sanders has acknowledged he is now the underdog in the delegate race but stressed his progressive movement has “transformed” the 2020 campaign.
“We have in many ways won the ideological struggle,” he said, by drawing voters and rival Democratic candidates towards his more progressive policies, including Medicare for All and tuition-free public college.
He said the pandemic served as an example of why Americans would be better served by a universal health care system.
But he also struck a note of unity.
“At this unbelievably difficult moment, where so many people are very, very nervous and appropriately so, this is a time when we must come together,” Sanders said.
Biden has hammered Sanders’ single-payer proposal as unrealistic given today’s political divisions, despite the fact that nearly every other industrialized nation has implemented some form of universal health care.
“People are looking for results, not a revolution,” Biden said during Sunday’s one-on-one debate, referring to Sanders’ call for radical socio-economic change.
But on Monday, in a video posted on his Twitter feed, Biden echoed Sanders’ message of unity.
“We are going to overcome this coronavirus,” he said. “Please, please take care of yourselves.”