Pakistan denounced Washington’s decision to suspend hundreds of millions of dollars in security assistance as “counterproductive” Friday, in a carefully-worded response to the frustrated Trump administration’s public rebuke over militant safe havens.
The United States has been threatening for months to cut aid to Islamabad over its failure to crack down on groups such as the Afghan Taliban and the Haqqani network, which it says operates from bases in Pakistan’s northwest.
The rhetoric has raised hackles in Islamabad and fears the row could undermine Pakistan’s support for U.S. operations in Afghanistan.
On Thursday, the State Department announced a dramatic freeze in deliveries of military equipment and security funding until Pakistan cracks down on the militants.
The announcement ignited some small protests in Pakistan on Friday, including in Chaman, one of the two main crossings on the border with Afghanistan, where several hundred people gathered to chant anti-US slogans.
But Pakistan’s foreign office issued a cautious statement in which it said it was “engaged” with U.S. officials and awaiting further details.
Without referring to the decision directly, it warned that “arbitrary deadlines, unilateral pronouncements and shifting goalposts are counterproductive in addressing common threats.”
Emerging threats such as the growing presence of the Islamic State group in the region make cooperation more important than ever, it added.
Pakistan has fought fierce campaigns against homegrown Islamist groups, and says it has lost thousands of lives and spent billions of dollars in its long war on extremism.
But US officials accuse Islamabad of ignoring or even collaborating with groups that attack Afghanistan from safe havens along the countries’ border.
— Govt of Pakistan (@pid_gov) January 5, 2018
In September last year the U.S. had already suspended $255 million in funding to help Pakistan buy high-tech weaponry from American manufacturers.
Now, the Defense Department has been instructed to stop making payments from “coalition support funds” set aside to refund Pakistani spending on counter-terrorist operations.
There will be exemptions, and officials refused to put a figure on how much Pakistan will lose out on if it fails to cooperate.
But the National Defense Authorization Act permits the U.S. military to spend up to $900 million in the 2017 financial year and $700 million in financial 2018.
State Department spokeswoman Heather Nauert said the security spending would be suspended until Pakistan takes “decisive action” against the Afghan Taliban and Haqqani network.
We are ready to work w/ #Pakistan to combat all terrorists w/o distinction. We hope to renew & deepen our bilateral security relationship when Pakistan demonstrates willingness to aggressively confront Afghan #Taliban, #Haqqani Network, and others who operate from its territory.
— Heather Nauert (@statedeptspox) January 5, 2018
Privately U.S. diplomats insist the relationship is not in crisis.
They say Pakistan is not refusing to fight the Haqqani network, but that the two capitals disagree about the facts on the ground.
Pakistan insists safe havens have been eradicated, but U.S. intelligence says it is still seeing militants operating freely.
Ms. Nauert was at pains to point out that the frozen funds had not been cancelled, and would be ready to be disbursed if Pakistan takes action to prove its commitment to the fight.
“The United States stands ready to work with Pakistan in combating all terrorists, without distinction,” Ms. Nauert said.