The E.U. on Tuesday stepped up its legal threats to Poland over its controversial supreme court reforms, giving Warsaw one month to comply or risk being hauled before the bloc’s top court.
The move raises the stakes in a bitter, long-running confrontation between the European Commission and Poland’s right-wing government over the rule of law in the former communist state.
Brussels launched so-called infringement proceedings against Warsaw on July 2 over the controversial changes that critics say put the judicial system under government control and are a threat to the country’s democracy.
Today the Commission has rightly taken the next step toward legal action to protect the independence of the Supreme Court of #Poland.
The law on the Supreme Court undermines judicial independence & is incompatible with EU law, incl on irremovability of judges, the EC said.
— Amnesty EU (@AmnestyEU) August 14, 2018
The European Commission said that after carrying out a “thorough analysis” of Warsaw’s response, it had now decided to begin the second step of legal action against Poland.
“The response of the Polish authorities does not alleviate the Commission’s legal concerns,” the European Commission said in a statement.
“The Polish authorities now have one month to take the necessary measures to comply with this Reasoned Opinion. If the Polish authorities do not take appropriate measures, the Commission may decide to refer the case to the Court of Justice of the E.U.”
Poland could face huge fines if the E.U.’s top court rules against it.
The retirement law came into effect last month and lowers the pension age of judges from 70 to 65.
It affects 27 of the Supreme Court’s sitting 73 judges including chief justice Malgorzata Gersdorf, who has refused to step down, slamming the measure as a “purge” that breaches her constitutionally guaranteed six-year term ending in 2020.
In December, Brussels triggered unprecedented Article 7 proceedings against Poland over “systemic threats” to the rule of law, which could eventually see Warsaw’s E.U. voting rights suspended.