President Donald Trump‘s administration announced Wednesday that it would remove tough legal limits on how long migrant children can be detained as part of its broader crackdown on undocumented immigrants.
The Department of Homeland Security said it was terminating the 1997 Flores Settlement Agreement, a binding legal ruling that said the government could not hold migrant children in detention for more than 20 days.
A new policy, to be implemented in 60 days, will not limit how long children or their families can be detained.
The move is aimed at deterring migrant expectations that they will be released after being arrested by the U.S. border authorities.
“To protect these children from abuse, and stop this illegal flow, we must close these loopholes. This is an urgent humanitarian necessity,” Trump said in a statement.
The government should NOT be jailing kids, and certainly shouldn’t be seeking to put more kids in jail for longer.
This is yet another cruel attack on children, who this administration has targeted again and again with its anti-immigrant policies.
Congress must not fund this. https://t.co/bp3uDIJder
— ACLU (@ACLU) August 21, 2019
Ending 20-Day Detention Limit
The Flores rule was the result of a lawsuit citing chronic abuse of migrants in detention.
It required they receive adequate, humane care and that migrant child would have to be released within 20 days and placed in the custody of their parents or relatives.
Faced with tens of thousands of mostly Central American migrant families and unaccompanied children crossing the border every month, the Trump administration has previously been in violation of Flores conditions and has also separated children from their parents who remained held in order to meet the 20-day requirement.
McAleenan said that in the 10 months to July, some 475,000 people in family units crossed the border illegally from Mexico, aiming to stay in the United States.
DHS said new rules would guarantee that Flores standards of detention would be upheld but allow authorities “to maintain family unity.”
Trump wants to imprison children in detention centers for longer. Since the '97 "Flores Agreement" they are supposed to only keep families for 20 days. Now they plan to indefinitely detain immigrant families in custody.
It's cruel beyond imagination. https://t.co/PFqiIeclns
— RAICES (@RAICESTEXAS) August 21, 2019
New regulations to be announced would be “a pathway to ensure the humane detention of families while satisfying the goals” of the Flores Settlement, DHS said.
Migrant and human rights groups said they would challenge the abrogation of Flores and accused the government of mistreating migrants.
“This is yet another cruel attack on children, who the Trump administration has targeted again and again with its anti-immigrant policies,” American Civil Liberties Union official Madhuri Grewal.
“The government should not be jailing kids, and certainly shouldn’t be seeking to put more kids in jail for longer,” she said
Kevin McAleenan, the acting DHS secretary, cited the challenge of “an unprecedented flow of family units” crossing the southern U.S. border this year, most of them from Central America. Many of the families are seeking asylum, which they are legally entitled to apply for.
The Flores Settlement “has generally forced the government to release families into the country after just 20 days, incentivizing illegal entry,” he said.
“Human smugglers advertise, and intending migrants know well, that even if they cross the border illegally, arriving at our border with a child has meant that they will be released into the United States to wait for court proceedings that could take five years or more.”